Sankey diagrams are a specific type of flow diagram, in which the width of the arrows is shown proportionally to the flow quantity. They are typically used to visualize energy or material or cost transfers between processes.
Figure 1. Example of a Sankey Diagram of Mass Balance in a Palm Oil Mill
Figure 2. Example of a Sankey Diagram of Mass Balance in a Palm Oil Mill
Figure 3. Example of a Sankey Diagram of Mass Balance in a Palm Oil Mill
ApplicationThey are also commonly used to visualize the energy accounts or material flow accounts on a regional or national level. Sankey diagrams put a visual emphasis on the major transfers or flows within a system. They are helpful in locating dominant contributions to an overall flow. Often, Sankey diagrams show conserved quantities within defined system boundaries, typically energy or mass, but they can also be used to show flows of non-conserved quantities such as exergy.
One of the most famous Sankey diagrams is Charles Minard's Map of Napolean's Russian Campaign of 1812. It is a flow map, overlaying a Sankey diagram onto a geographical map. It was created in 1869.
Sankey diagrams are named after Irish Captain Matthew Henry Phineas Riall Sankey, who used this type of diagram in 1898 in a publication on the energy efficiency of a steam engine. While the first charts in black and white were merely used to display one type of flow (e.g. steam), using colors for different types of flows has added more degrees of freedom to Sankey diagrams.
Figure 4. Famous Sankey diagram of Napoleon's invasion of Russia.
Sankey Diagram Maker Version 1.08
It is the only site that share FREE Sankey Diagram Maker. Sankey Diagram Maker is a new software tool to easily create Sankey diagrams, allow you to adapt Sankey flow charts to your individual needs.
Figure 6. SANKEY has a configuration that easy to change, new version will be more interactive and fun!
Figure 7. SANKEY is colorful!